Subject Synopsis (chemical)

Materials Engineering

Introduction to Material Science, Atomic structure and inter-atomic bonding, Crystal Structure, Solidification and Crystalline imperfections in solids, Phase Diagrams, Engineering alloys, Mechanical properties, Stress and Strain under axial loading, Torsion, Shear, Analysis and design of beam for bending, Transformation of stress and strain, Beam Deflection of  Beams.

Engineering Drawing

Computer Aided Drawing Computer Aided Command, , Geometry, Orthographic Drawing, Isometric Drawing, Sectional Drawing, Flowchart Drawing.

Introduction to Engineering

Overview of engineering, the profession and its requirements in the Malaysian scenario. Communication (oral and written) and teamwork skills. Mind mapping, learning styles and time management. Basic calculations and unit conversions. Create an engineering graph and solving iterative problems using computer. Ethics. Seminar. Plant visits.  This course employs Cooperative Learning and grooms students with skills for Problem-based Learning.

Seminar

This course introduces students to the chemical engineering working environment through seminars from respective personnel and industrial visit to various chemical plants in Malaysia. Assignments and group-based project will be given.

Chemical Process I

Introduction to chemical engineering and chemical processes, process and process variables, material balance strategy, degree of freedom analysis, material balance with reactions, material balance with recycle, single-phase and multiphase systems. Introduction to energy balance.

Chemical Process II

Energy balance on non-reactive systems, balance on reactive systems, material and energy balances on transient processes. entropy, Power and refrigeration cycles.

Thermodynamics and Materials Engineering Laboratory

Experiments performed in this laboratory include boiler tests, diesel engine performance test, equilibrium test, energy (heat engine), tensile test, metal metalography, determination of Young modulus, air compressor, cooling system, torsion testing, stress and strain analysis.

Chemical Engineering Computation

This course introduces students to some numerical techniques in solving chemical engineering problems that could not be solved analytically. Students will be exposed to the numerical solution for root of equation, simultaneous algebraic equation, curve fitting, ordinary differential equations, numerical differentiation and integration problems. MATLAB programming language will be implemented with the intention of illustrating the nuance of the methods, and showing more realistically how the methods are applied for problem solving.

Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics

Volumetric properties of pure liquid, heat effects, thermodynamics properties of fluids, properties relationship for homogeneous mixture, phase equilibrium and chemical reaction equilibrium.

Transport Processes

Fundamentals of mass transfer, rate equation for molecular diffusion, mass transfer at boundary layer, mass transfer between phases, mass transfer rate at simple surface geometry, simultaneous mass transfer and chemical reaction. Also included is heat transfer theory, conduction, steady state conduction in two dimensions, steady state conduction with convection to environment, unsteady-state conduction, convection, radiation heat transfer, heat exchanger design.

Engineering Economics and Project Management

The engineering economy study involves computing a specific economic measure of worth for estimated cash flows over a specific period of time. Project Management is the art of planning, scheduling, and controlling of project activities to achieve performance, cost, and time objectives, for a given scope of works, while using resources efficiently and effectively.

Process Control and Instrumentation

This subject covers chemical process control, static and dynamic process behaviour, mathematical modelling, analysis of dynamic chemical process behaviour, analysis and design of feedback control systems, analysis and design of complex control systems.

Chemical Reaction Engineering 

Topics in this course are: introduction to homogeneous reaction kinetic, batch reactor data analysis, introduction to reactor design, single reactor design, reactor design for single reaction and multiple reactor, temperature and pressure effect, nonideal flow, introduction to heterogeneous reaction system design, types of reactor test, catalytic reaction.

Separation Processes I

Introduction to unit operations in chemical engineering: evaporation, liquid-liquid separation, liquid vapour separation, liquid-liquid extraction and leaching.

Separation Processes II

Topics covered are particle characterisation, pneumatic conveying of bulk solid, size reduction of solids, crystallisation, solid-liquid separation, filtration, membrane separation processes and drying.

Environmental Engineering  and Sustainability

Introduction to pollution control includes: water pollution, air pollution, noise pollution and environmental acts and techniques to reduce pollutants.

Pollution Control and Reaction Laboratory 

Experiments performed in this laboratory are: acidity and alkalinity, biological oxygen demand (BOD), coagulation and flocculation, ambient air quality monitoring, the use of direct spectrophotometer, conductivity measurement, sludge index, water sampling. To test the saponification reaction, iodine reaction, esterification reaction, continuous stirred tank reactor and biodiesel production

Separation Processes Laboratory I

Evaporation operation, distillation operation, gas-liquid absorption operation, drying operation, liquid physical and chemical properties identification and heat transfer.

Separation Processes Laboratory II

Solid-liquid leaching, adsorption, particle analysis, filtration and fluidized bed.

Undergraduate Project I

A first stage of the Undergraduate Project which involve in preliminary studies and planning on how to carry out the study given to the student.  The works include literature review, problem and scope identification, objective and method determination.

Industrial Training

A 10-week training in industry. The main rational of introducing the programme is to provide UTM students with exposure to practical aspects of industry and their work practices. During the programme, the students will have the opportunity to relate their theoretical understanding to the real application in industry and to develop skills in work ethics, management, communication and human relations.

Plant Design

Introduction to process plant synthesis where design of each individual unit operation are combined with the objective of optimising the raw material and energy use for processing, cost factor and economics, environmental and also safety factor. Selection of reactor design, selection of separator design, reaction-separation system synthesis and also heat exchanger network synthesis, process safety, waste minimisation.

Biotechenology for Engineer

Advances in genetics and molecular biology have led to many new developments of pharmaceutical, chemical and agricultural products.  Biotechnology for Engineers  is introduced  to prepare students for careers in the growing biotechnology and biopharmaceutical industries. This subject provides a brief outlook of biotechnology, especially to non-bioprocess engineering students. The subject covers the basic concept of recombinant DNA technology in areas such as food, microorganism, agriculture, medical, environment, and forensic science to improve human’s life quality and solve problems.

Physical Chemistry for Engineer

Physical chemistry is an important basic engineering subject where introduce fundamental physical principles that govern the properties and behaviour of chemical systems from either a microscopic or a macroscopic viewpoint. In this subject, three important areas which are thermodynamics, electrochemical systems and kinetics are introduced. Thermodynamics embrace an interrelationship of various equilibrium properties of the system and its changes in processes. Electrochemical systems discuss on the electric potential that lead to the determination of thermodynamic properties in the electrochemical cells. Kinetics includes the rate processes of chemical reactions, diffusion, adsorption and molecular collisions.

Membrane Separation Technology

This course will provide an overview of membrane and membrane process classification, common membrane materials and membrane preparation methods and procedures. Origin of membrane selectivity and methods for membrane characterization will also be discussed. Membrane process design for the pressure driven processes of microfiltration, ultrafiltration and reverse osmosis will be covered.

Safety in Process Plant Design

Main danger and act, introduction to relief, occupational safety and health, danger identifcation, risk analysis, accident inspection.

Process Control Laboratory

Experiments performed in this laboratory include: PLC, introduction to transducers and instrumentation, control of a heat exchanger, liquid level control, analysis of dynamic response, and controller tuning.

Undergraduate Project II

Students are required to do research project where they are required to collect data from the apparatus in laboratory and pilot plant under the supervisor of a lecturer. The use of computer is also emphasised. Students are required to submit a report at the seminar at the end of the project.

Plant Design Project

Students are divided into groups. Each group will be given a design topic and will be under the supervision of a lecturer. The design project involves process selection, building the process flow diagram (PFD), material and energy balances, detailed equipment design, equipment selection and material of construction, equipment control, operational instruction, economics and costing.

SYNOPSES OF ELECTIVE COURSES

Solid and Hazardous Waste Management

The course includes sources, generation and characteristics of industrial and municipal wastes, analysis of collection systems, handling and disposal practices of municipal wastes, significance of industrial wastes as environmental pollutants, pollution prevention and techniques for processing, treatment and disposal of industrial wastes.

Phytochemical Technology

The course features extensive information on various local herbs available for exploitation using specific technologies to fulfill the need of wellness industry. The key elements of process design will be include process creation/synthesis, process analysis, process evaluation and process optimisation in generating inherently safe, economic and environmentally friendly processes.

Vegetable Oil and Oleochemical  Technology

This course introduces students to the palm oil and oleochemical industries in Malaysia. Students are exposed to the processes involved in the palm oil mills and palm oil refineries. Production of basic oleochemicals is also studied.

Supercritical Fluid Extraction 

This subject introduces the technology of supercritical fluid extraction which is offers the alternative technique for separation and extraction of solute or marker compound from any plant matrixes. There are many reasons which make the use of supercritical carbon dioxide extraction as a great potential method such as safety process, high purity and economically improve recovery, increase reproducibility, decrease the use of halogenated solvent and less unit operations involved.

Process Integration

This course presents the principles and methodology to develop an understanding of Pinch Analysis technique and acquire the skills to apply the technique for optimal resource conservation for the ultimate aim of producing cost effective, clean and energy efficient designs of new and existing chemical process systems.

Wastewater Engineering 

This course provides students to a perspective on the field of wastewater engineering, which is a branch of environmental engineering. The students will be exposed to the application of the basic principles of science and engineering to solving the issues associated with the treatment of wastewater.

Optimization for Chemical Processes

This course will provide the student with the ability to formulate, solve and interpret meaningful optimization problems in engineering, science and business. Emphasis will be placed on the formulation of mathematical models for use with commonly available solution techniques.

Environmental Management

This course covers management strategies to enhance the quality of water, air and noise system. Various management options are evaluated. Student will be exposed to the Environmental Assessment methods and the use of models in assessing environmental impacts.

Waste Incineration

This course introduces the students to waste incineration process as one of the waste management hierarchy. It covers the available incineration technologies, emission from incineration process and regulatory requirement to control emission, air pollution control system, design of incineration plant and ash management.

Biomass for Renewable Energy, Fuels, and Chemicals

The subject examines biomass resources and technologies available for conversion to energy, fuels and chemicals. The module looks at technologies for the production of heat, electricity, transport fuel and chemicals.

Matlab Application in Chemical Engineering

Matlab as a powerful software will be implemented to solve problems arising in chemical engineering like: algebraic equations, system of linear and nonlinear equations, ordinary differential equations, partial differential equations, plotting, curve fitting, integrals and general skills of Matlab.

Fundamentals of Polymer Science

Basic terminologies, principles on polymers and structural relationship towards polymer classification are discussed. An overview on the polymer industry is elaborated together with its impact on human life. Molecular weight relationships toward polymer properties and its implication are briefly presented.  This course emphasis specifically on the advanced of polymer synthesis including step-growth, chain-growth and co-ordination polymerizations. Kinetic for the polymerization mechanism is described and its relationship to molecular weight is explained in details. The limitations and application for each polymerization mechanism are discussed. The polymerization systems used for the polymerization process are discussed together with their advantages and the disadvantages. Finally, this course also exposed students to the pilot scale set-up of the polymerization systems.

Polymer Properties

Prerequisite: SKK 4513  Fundamentals of Polymer Science

This course is designed to expose students to the properties of polymer which have great importance. It will emphasize on the mechanical properties, electrical properties, chemical resistance, degradation effects and flammability properties, A strong emphasis will be given on the mechanical properties which include viscoelastic behavior, tensile, flexural and impact properties. Long term test using creep deformation is also included. At the end of the course the student should be able to explain the interrelation between polymer properties, structures and applications. The students should also be able to describe the appropriate test and characterization for each property.

Polymer Rheology and Processing

Prerequisite: SKKK 4513  Fundamentals of Polymer Science

This course introduces students to some major theories in polymer rheology, their applications in polymer processing and the basic principles of extrusion, injection molding and other major processing methods. Topics include fundamental flow properties, Newtonian and non-Newtonian analyses, and methods of determination of rheological properties of polymer melts and solutions, structure-flow behavior relationships, visco-elastic fluid theory, application to extrusion, injection molding and other processes. The basic mathematical modeling and engineering design analysis of extruder screws and injection molds will also be described.

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